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Prologue

Lawrence Denslow's picture
Submitted by Lawrence Denslow on Tue, 05/27/2014 - 16:34

Prologue

The Reciprocal System is a complete general theory of the physical universe. It contains no hypotheses other than those relating to the nature of space and time and it produces complete comprehensive explanations for all physical phenomena simply by development of the consequences of the initial postulates. Descriptions developed in conjunction with the Reciprocal System of theory for the physical processes and relationships of everyday life differ very little from previous descriptions. One reason for this is that in our everyday experience we are dealing with motion in dimensional space, and the laws and principles governing such motion are already firmly established. Any correct theoretical development must necessarily lead to these same laws and principles, purely from the development of the consequences of the postulates of the theory.

From NEW LIGHT on SPACE and TIME by D.B. Larson pages 76 through 78:

“The Reciprocal System admittedly conflicts with many tenets of present-day scientific doctrine, but it can be shown that these are not conflicts with established facts, and hence can have no bearing on the points at issue.

“It is worth noting, however, that the conflicts with the current thought of the scientific profession are not as numerous as might be expected from the basic nature of the new concepts that are being introduced. Surprising as it may seem, in view of the drastic nature of these conceptual changes, the new system is in full agreement with the bulk of existing physical theory. There are some rather spectacular conflicts with the so-called “modern” developments, to be sure, but in spite of the prominence that “modern physics” has acquired in recent years, these subjects in themselves represent only a relatively small part of the total field. Almost all of the theoretical relations applicable to our immediate environment which have been firmly enough established to enable the applied scientists—the engineers—to use them on a practical basis can be derived from the postulates of the Reciprocal System in essentially the same form in which they are now known. These relations… Newton’s Laws of Motion, the gas laws, the laws of thermodynamics, the laws of optics, the kinetic theory, Newton’s Law of Gravitation, Kirchhoff’s Laws, Ohm’s Law, Hess’ Law, Faraday’s Law, Avogadro’s Law, Pascal’s Law, and so on—are incorporated into the Reciprocal System practically intact. Where some change has been ne­cessary, as in the laws of motion, this change has usually been in the definition of the concepts entering into the relation itself. Newton’s Laws of Motion, for instance, are retained in his original form, but the concept of time has been altered.

“The new system is likewise in harmony with at least some of the original concepts and ideas of the so-called “modern” physics: those portions of modern theory which are based directly on empirical findings. Planck’s original theory of the quantum of radiant energy is fully compatible with

the consequences of the postulates of the system, as is Einstein’s extension of Planck’s hypothesis to the photoelectric effect. The Lorentz transformations are likewise acceptable to the Reciprocal System as also the Special Theory of Relativity is in mathematical agreement, although the new information developed from this present investigation shows that the Special Theory is conceptually wrong. “Within the realm of everyday experience… the fields of the engineer, the chemist, the geologist, etc… the role of the Reciprocal System has been primarily to fill in the gaps in existing knowledge. In such fields as that of chemical combination, for example, where existing theory is painfully inadequate, it has been possible to establish complete and correct theoretical structures. Furthermore, the new system has made a major contribution by extending the scope of theory to the magnitudes of physical quantities. Of course, previously existing theory covers the mathematical relations between physical quantities… indeed the quantitative treatment is often regarded as the essence of science… but in general, these previous theories have not been able to account for the individual magnitudes. They have not been able, for example, to specify the magnitude of the gravitational constant, or the molar gas volume, or Planck’s constant h, or the Faraday constant, and so on; it has been necessary to measure these quantities and to use the values thus determined. “Likewise, the theorists have not heretofore been able to devise any means whereby we can calculate from purely theoretical foundations (except in rare and very special cases) the numerical values of the properties of physical entities… such properties as density, specific heat, refractive index, etc… even though these properties have definite magnitudes which clearly must be subject to some kind of physical laws. The development of the postulates of the Reciprocal System yields not only qualitative relations but also quantitative relations and the absolute magnitudes (or at least the possible magnitudes) of such items as the foregoing from theory alone. “In the far-out regions the task of the new system has been to build a completely new theory. Here, where the empirical knowledge has been too scanty and too confused to constitute any effective restraint on the imaginations of the theorists, previous theory constructors have attempted to explain the observed phenomena by pure speculation and ad hoc modification of the principles applicable to the more familiar regions, and as a result it is here that theoretical science is finding itself unable to keep up with the progress of experimental discovery. The Reciprocal System is not subject to the handicaps that conventional theory encounters in these less accessible regions, as this system derives its entire theoretical structure from a logical and mathematical development of the consequences of the Fundamental Postulates, and does not depend on observational or experimental information for guidance or assistance as to the next step. By reason of this purely theoretical derivation, the new system has been able to arrive at complete and consistent theories covering the phenomena not only of those regions where observational data are meager, but also some other regions which are still completely unknown observationally. “The most drastic changes made by the new system, as distinguished from additions to or clarifications of previous theories, come in those areas where scientists have, without being aware of the fact, made contact with regions of the universe other than the one in which we happen to be located and to which our familiar physical relations apply. It is here that the theorists have attempted the impossible; they have attempted to fit the relations appertaining to one region of the universe to the phenomena of other regions that are actually governed by totally different, and in some cases diametrically opposite, relations. And it is here that they have, as a consequence, found themselves in a state of confusion and uncertainty. “In the light of the information developed in this investigation it is clear that the existing confusion was inevitable. The theorists who have attacked these problems have lavished an immense amount of intelligence, ingenuity, and perseverance upon them, but a problem cannot be solved, no matter how great the ability of those who undertake its solution, or how much effort they apply to the task, if the basic nature of the problem is misunderstood.”