The bulk of the data regarding planetary magnetic fields, and the motion of the magnetic poles comes from a study of the Earth. The features recognized are:
The magnetic field reverses polarity, at fairly regular intervals.
The poles wander about the surface, sometimes appearing in equatorial regions.
Two distinct Van Allen belts of radiation, formed by charged particles running along magnetic lines of force.
Occasional disruption of magnetic fields on the surface of the Earth, typically associated with severe weather, either hurricanes, tornadoes, or super-cell thunderstorms.
The geologic structure of the inner and outer cores explain all of these phenomena. Some familiarity, however, is needed with Prof. K.V.K. Nehru’s research on the interior of the sun, the seven states of matter, and the nature of sunspots.1
In quick summary, Nehru identifies seven states of matter: solid, liquid, gas, inverse gas, inverse liquid, inverse solid and “thredule.” The one of interest concerning the magnetic phenomena of the Earth is the last, the thredule—termed co-magnetic, and is a 1-dimensional magnetic field where like poles attract, and unlike poles repel, are an inward scalar motion (normal magnetism is outward), and form the solar phenomena known as sunspots.
Motion in the ultra-high speed ranges produce the thredule phenomena. In our sun, they originate at the very center from two magnetic sheaths, projecting out like rays. When they pass through the intermediate ranges in the sun’s outer core, a second set of thredules is induced, of the opposite polarity.
The same happens in the white dwarf core of planets, with a couple of important changes. Whereas our sun is a normal, “A component” star, the core of planets are “B component,” the inverse of the A component. As such, some of the magnetic operations are flipped around and occur multiple times.
Normally, the thredule sheaths form in the very center of a star. In the white dwarf, they form on the surface, not the core, because the surface is the white dwarf “stellar interior,” where the highest thermal motion takes place.
Figure 4: Thredule Generating Area
At the Earth’s core, there are two thredule generating areas. The outer region of the inner core, and the inner region of the outer core. The sheaths formed maintain the same, alternating magnetic polarities:
The thredules from the inner core, being generated from the dwarf fragment component moving in time, are long-duration, existing for perhaps several thousand years. These sheaths form thredules, one projecting north, the other south, and form the magnetic poles (the magnetic poles will never coincide with the rotational poles). The toroidal shape of the magnetic field is due to this co-magnetic motion of the polar thredules.
Both the inner and outer cores generate intense magnetic fields, due to their intermediate-speed motion. However, because of the random motions involved in the constituent atoms, the magnetic field has no inherent direction, so it should be a spherical distribution. However, enter the thredules from the inner core—a 1-D magnetic pull, in the opposite scalar direction as normal magnetism. This gives the two magnetic fields a “favored direction”—like a child sticking his fingers in opposite sides of a balloon—and produces a toroid, with a definite north or south orientation.
Just as the sunspot cycles reverse magnetic polarity every sunspot season, so do planetary magnetic fields, for the same reason. When a magnetic pole first forms, call it the North pole, it will be in the 50-55° latitude range, then drift northward towards the rotational axis. Unlike its sunspot equivalent, there will be only a “North” projected—the south pole will not appear from this thredule, because of the inverse density gradient of the inner core—the south half of this thredule will project into the center of the planet, not its surface.
The south pole will be generated by the inner sheath of thredules, again with south pole thredule projecting only (with no induced thredule), and will manifest near the rotational pole, drifting to equatorial regions towards the 50° latitude range.
The time for a polar magnetic reversal can be determined by the locations of the poles. Once the north reaches the 15° area, the inner sheath will start to take dominance, and create a new magnetic pole cycle, of the opposite magnetic polarity. At this time, the planet’s magnetic field will appear to collapse—it does not. The magnetic field is still there, as intense as ever, but has become random, because the co-magnetic pull of the inner core at the poles is no longer providing sufficient bias to orient the field, so it slips back to a random, spherical distribution.