We would like to let you know what some of the world's experts are saying.
Brig. Gen. Ernest Moore, former Chief, Air Force Intelligence:
`First off, the Russians have nothing to do with these so-called "saucers"; I'll swear to that on a stack of Bibles, if you like. Second, we don't have any secret new types of aircraft that could have started all this commotion.'
The theory that the saucers were hostile aircraft was carefully studied and rejected. As one scientist said, `The performance of these "saucers" not only surpass the development of present science but the development of present fiction-science writers.'
As of 25 August 1952, Captain Ruppelt, Air Force, said more competent observers than ever before have been reporting saucers. The Captain, who started as a one-man agency, now has eight fulltime assistants. The Air Force is buying a hundred special cameras, which it hopes will help determine what the objects are made of, and it is considering buying several photographic telescopes of a new type, costing as much as five thousand dollars a piece, with which a continuous photographic record can be made nightly of the sky over the whole hemisphere. After several years and nearly two thousand reported sightings of a serious nature, there is no discussion in Air Force circles of abandoning the pursuit of the elusive saucers.
Twenty-five per cent of the observers interrogated by the Aerial Phenomena Officer in the last few years have been military pilots. Eight per cent have been commercial pilots, some with as much as twenty years' experience in the air, and at one stage in the current phase of the investigation, even a few physicists at Los Alamos, New Mexico, men who make a fetish of objectivity, were interviewed after they reported having seen puzzling lights hovering above their atomic energy laboratories.
On 21 July 1952, Senior Air Traffic Controller for the Civil Aeronautics Administration at the National Airport's Air Route Traffic Control Centre, in Washington, DC, informed the Air Force, and the public that early that morning his radarscope had picked up ten unidentifiable objects flying over various parts of the capital, including the prohibited area around the White House. Controller Harry G. Barnes said, `There is no other conclusion I can reach but that for six hours on the morning of the twentieth of July there were at least ten unidentifiable objects moving above Washington. They were not ordinary aircraft. Nor, in my opinion, could any natural phenomena account for these spots on our radar. Neither shooting stars, electrical disturbances, nor clouds could, either. Exactly what they are, I don't know. Now you know as much about them as I do. And your guess is as good as mine.'
On 6 August 1952, an Army physicist at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, created an effect similar to flying saucers in his laboratory by introducing molecules of ionized air into a partial vacuum in a bell jar, and three days later an internationally known authority on atmospheric conditions said of the physicist's experiment, `I know of no conditions of the Earth's atmosphere, high or low, which would duplicate those needed to make the laboratory models.'
Dr. Fitts and other Project Saucer scientists, said, `Some of the sightings might be blamed on muscae volitantes (flitting flies), the medical term for small solid particles that float about in the field of the eye, casting a shadow on the retina and moving as the eye moves.'
Dr. George Valley, a nuclear physicist at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; staff members of the research firm of Hand Corporation; an assortment of physicists and aerodynamicists who specialize in the study of the stratosphere and the space beyond it; and the electronics experts attached to the Cambridge Field Station were all searching for physical rather than psychological explanations, and some fairly strange theories occurred to them--the possibility that extra-terrestrial animals were flying into our atmosphere, for example. However, no data turned up to support this arresting idea!
The astronomers concluded that the atmosphere of Venus was composed largely of carbon dioxide and immense, opaque clouds of formaldehyde droplets, and this precluded the practice of astronomy, and hence the concept of a Universe and the idea of space ships.
We feel that perhaps the people of Venus would develop better telescopes than we because of the above conditions, and would therefore have finer equipment than we for viewing the heavens. That cloud layer might excite their curiosity to find out what was beyond it!
There are other theories about Venus, however. John Robinson, in The Universe We Live In, tells us that the dust-bowl theory is based on the spectroscopic examination of the upper atmosphere of Venus which reveals no water vapor and quantities of carbon monoxide at that level. He points out that seventy miles above the surface of the Earth the atmosphere contains no oxygen or water vapor at all, and that the atmosphere is almost 100 per cent hydrogen, an entirely unbreathable and highly inflammable gas.
The Earth nevertheless teems with life despite the fact that there is no oxygen or water vapor in the outer four hundred miles of its atmosphere. All oxygen, water vapor and hence life, exist only within a few miles of the surface. This man is not afraid to come to grips with the most modern theories and he searchingly analyzes them.
Months ago our space friends told us that the moon had an atmosphere. The other day, Dr. Harlow Shapley, astronomer at Harvard College Observatory, announced that the moon does indeed, have an atmosphere!
Fred Hoyle, British astronomer, says, `I think that all our present guesses are likely to prove but a very pale shadow of the real thing.'
Dr. Lincoln La Paz, University of New Mexico, claims that the saucers are not meteors, because they do not look like meteors. He says that fireballs are not shooting stars or meteorites, because meteorites glow for only short periods and invariably make loud noises, while the fireballs and saucers are silent. These objects, he says, can reverse direction and cruise back and forth, travel at high speeds in wide, sweeping circles, are spherical or disc-shaped, give off a steady yellow light for the most part, and travel at extremely high altitudes. Also, meteors are never green in color.
The saucers are not balloons. Mr. J. J. C. Kaliszewski, a supervisor of balloon manufacture, says, `The saucers are strange, terrifically fast. They have a peculiar glow. One seemed to have a halo around it, with a dark under-surface. We see no vapor trail.'
Dr. Albert Einstein on 23 July 1952, said, `Those people have seen something. What it is I do not know and I am not curious to know.'
Father Francis J. Connell, C.Sc.R., dean of the Catholic University's School of Sacred Theology said, `It is well for Catholics to know that the principles of their faith are entirely reconcilable with even the most astounding possibilities regarding life on other planets... Theologians have never dared to limit the omnipotence of God to the creation of the world we know.' He added, `If these supposed rational beings should possess the immortality of body once enjoyed by Adam and Eve, it would be foolish for our superjet or rocket pilots to try to shoot them. They would be unkillable.'
Anatol J. Schneider, seismologist, stated on 10 June 1946, in San Francisco, that there was great danger of cracking the Earth's surface with atomic bombing by the danger of climate changes occurring throughout the world. It was the underwater bombing that was to be the most feared.
The hands of the clock on the cover of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists now stand at three minutes to midnight. When the Bulletin began, the cover pictured a clock with the hands at eight minutes to midnight. The hands are moving up! The hands reflect the feeling of many scientists that since 1945 the world has moved closer to the catastrophe of atomic warfare--that it has become increasingly urgent that we find a solution to the problem of the peaceful utilization of the work of science for the benefit of all mankind.
The world is now close to the Midnight Hour!